非谓语动词和从句的转换

非谓语动词和从句的转换----Wayne Lee ok

一.不定式(短语)与从句的关系

1.不定式(短语)再句中作主语,其功能相当于一个主语从句,因此二者之间可以转换。

(1).To be able to help you is really an honor.(=That I’m able to help you)

(2).He seemed to know the way.(=It seemed that he knew the way.)

(3).Bush is said to have decided to attack North Korea.

(= It is said that Bush has decided to attack North Korea.)

2.不定式(短语)再句中作宾语或宾补,相当于一个宾语从句

(1).We still don’t know when and where to build a school.(宾语)

(=when and where we should build a school)

(2).I advised him to go and see the doctor.(宾补)(=that he should go and see)

(3).He thought it a great pity not to have invited her. .(宾语)(=That he hadn’t invited her.)

3不定式(短语)再句中作表语.,相当于一个表语从句

(1).My suggestion is for them to leave as soon as possible.(=that they should leave)

(2).My chief purpose has been for them to get a good understanding.

(=that they can get a good understanding)

4.不定式(短语)再句中作定语.,相当于一个定语从句

(1).The question will be discussed at the conference shortly to open in Beijing.

(=that is shortly to open in Beijing)

(2).All dead, I was the only one to grow up. (=that grew up)

5.不定式(短语)再句中作目的.结果状语.,相当于一个目的.结果状语从句

(1).He came to the area in order/so as to study the folk music there.(=in order/so that)

(2).The lady was so excited as not to say a word.(=so excited that she couldn’t…)

7.不定式(短语)再句中作原因状语.,相当于一个原因状语从句

(1)I trembled to think of being punished by the boss.(=because I though of being punished by the boss)

(2).We were disappointed to have lost the game.(=that we have lost the game)

二.动名词(短语)与从句的关系

1. 动名词(短语)再句中作主语,相当于一个主语从句

(1).Your going away (=That you went away) made the professor angry.

(2).Mary’s not being made monitor (=That Mary was not made monitor ) made us sad.

被动的动名词在句中作主语时一般不能省

(3).Being called a fool(=That he was called a fool) hurt Bob badly.

2. 动名词(短语)再句中作宾语或宾补语,相当于一个宾语从句

(1).I remember being taken to Beijing(=that I was taken to Beijing) when I was five.

(2).He admitted having married Mary to a soldier(=that he had married Mary to a soldier).

3.动名词(短语)在句中作表语.,相当于一个表语从句

(1).My duty is serving the people heart and soul (that I’ll serve the people heart and soul).

(2).The problem is his not having prepared his lessons for the exam(=that he hasn’t prepared his lessons for the exam)

(3).The difficulty is Mary’s being caught b etween the two trees(=that Mary is caught between the two trees).

4.介词+动名词(短语),相当于一个从句

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