非谓语动词和从句的转换

非谓语动词和从句的转换----Wayne Lee ok

一.不定式(短语)与从句的关系

1.不定式(短语)再句中作主语,其功能相当于一个主语从句,因此二者之间可以转换。

(1).To be able to help you is really an honor.(=That I’m able to help you)

(2).He seemed to know the way.(=It seemed that he knew the way.)

(3).Bush is said to have decided to attack North Korea.

(= It is said that Bush has decided to attack North Korea.)

2.不定式(短语)再句中作宾语或宾补,相当于一个宾语从句

(1).We still don’t know when and where to build a school.(宾语)

(=when and where we should build a school)

(2).I advised him to go and see the doctor.(宾补)(=that he should go and see)

(3).He thought it a great pity not to have invited her. .(宾语)(=That he hadn’t invited her.)

3不定式(短语)再句中作表语.,相当于一个表语从句

(1).My suggestion is for them to leave as soon as possible.(=that they should leave)

(2).My chief purpose has been for them to get a good understanding.

(=that they can get a good understanding)

4.不定式(短语)再句中作定语.,相当于一个定语从句

(1).The question will be discussed at the conference shortly to open in Beijing.

(=that is shortly to open in Beijing)

(2).All dead, I was the only one to grow up. (=that grew up)

5.不定式(短语)再句中作目的.结果状语.,相当于一个目的.结果状语从句

(1).He came to the area in order/so as to study the folk music there.(=in order/so that)

(2).The lady was so excited as not to say a word.(=so excited that she couldn’t…)

7.不定式(短语)再句中作原因状语.,相当于一个原因状语从句

(1)I trembled to think of being punished by the boss.(=because I though of being punished by the boss)

(2).We were disappointed to have lost the game.(=that we have lost the game)

二.动名词(短语)与从句的关系

1. 动名词(短语)再句中作主语,相当于一个主语从句

(1).Your going away (=That you went away) made the professor angry.

(2).Mary’s not being made monitor (=That Mary was not made monitor ) made us sad.

被动的动名词在句中作主语时一般不能省

(3).Being called a fool(=That he was called a fool) hurt Bob badly.

2. 动名词(短语)再句中作宾语或宾补语,相当于一个宾语从句

(1).I remember being taken to Beijing(=that I was taken to Beijing) when I was five.

(2).He admitted having married Mary to a soldier(=that he had married Mary to a soldier).

3.动名词(短语)在句中作表语.,相当于一个表语从句

(1).My duty is serving the people heart and soul (that I’ll serve the people heart and soul).

(2).The problem is his not having prepared his lessons for the exam(=that he hasn’t prepared his lessons for the exam)

(3).The difficulty is Mary’s being caught b etween the two trees(=that Mary is caught between the two trees).

4.介词+动名词(短语),相当于一个从句

(1)He was afraid of being scolded by his mistake.(=that he was…)

(2).He was astonished at her knowing you.(=that she knew you)

(3).We heard the news of our team having won.(=that our team had won)

三.分词(短语)与从句的关系

1.分词(短语)作定语,相当于一个定语从句

(1)The hospital was an old building built in 1931(=that was built in 1931).

(2).Do you know the girl standing over there(=who is standing over there)?

(3).The man speaking to us the other day(= who spoke to us the other day) has gone to Japan.

2.分词独立结构,相当于一个状语从句,其中伴随状语多与并列句转换

(1)Weather permitting(=If weather permits), we’ll have the match tomorrow.

(2).The dark clouds having disappeared(=When the dark clouds had disappeared), the sun shone again.

(3).The monitor being ill(=As the monitor was ill) we’d better put the meting off.

(4).Other things being equal(=If other things are equal), I’d buy the black dress.

(5).Given more time(=If we were given more time), we could have done it better.

(6).He came back, his hands tied to his back(=his hands were tied to his back).

3.分词短语,相当于一个状语从句

(1)On arriving(=As soon as I arrive) there, I’ll telephone you.(时间)

(2).(While)waiting(=While I was waiting )for the bus, I caught sight of her.

(时间)

(3).Educated(=As he was educated ) by the party, he became a great fighter.

(原因)

(4).Not having received(=Because I hadn’t received an answer, I wrote to him again.(原因)

(5).(If) given(=If we had been given )enough time, e could have done it better.(条件)

(6).(Though) having made(=Though he had made) great achievements, he didn’t pride.(让步)4.分词短语作状语,可表伴随,结果,相当于and 的并列句,也可和with 转换

(1)He died, leaving his daughter much money. ()(=with),(=and left)

(2).The teacher entered the lab, followed by our students.

(=and he was followed by our students =with us following him=and we followed him) 5.分词短语在句中作宾语或宾语补足语,相当于一个宾语从句

(1)He found the windows broken.(=He found that the windows were broken.)

(2).I felt my heart beating fast at the news of bomb explosion.(=I felt that my heart was besting fast at the news of bomb explosion)

四.特殊转换

1. 动名词复合结构相当于从句

(1)Sophia’s having seen them(=That Sophia had seen them) didn’t surprised us.

(2).I can’t bear his (him) staying up so late(=that he stays up so late).

(3).We encourage student s’ living in the school(=that students live in the school).

(4).What was disappointing was our not being able to go for a picnic (that we were not able to go for a picnic).

2. there+being+其他成分

(1)There being nothing to do, we played games.(=Because there was nothing to do) (原因) (2).They closed the store, there being no customers.(=Because ther was no customers) (原因)

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