1.During the 1990s, American country music has
become more and more popular.
2.We often speak English in class.
3.One-third of the students in this class are girls.
4.To swim in the river is a great pleasure.
5.Smoking does harm to the health.
6.The rich should help the poor.
7.When we are going to have an English test has not
8.It is necessary to master a foreign language.
9.That he isn?t at home is not true
1.He failed the exam is the reason why he dropped
2.That why he was late for school was that his mother
3.Beyond the mountains lie a small village.
4.Gone is the days when I had to go to school on foot.
5.Play basketball is my favorite sport.
6.Give up English is not an option.
He practices running every morning.
He reads newspapers every day.
（1）由情态动词或其他助动词加动词构成。如：You may keep the book for two weeks.
He has caugh t a bad cold.
My sister is crying over there.
I have been waiting for you all the time.
I would stay at home all day.
We are students.
Your idea sounds great.
表语多是形容词，用以说明主语的身份、特征和状态，它一般位于系动词（如be, become, get, look, grow, turn, seem等）之后。表语一般由名词、代词、形容词、分词、数词、不定式、动名词、介词短语、副词及表语从句表示。
1.Our teacher of English is an American.
2.Is it yours?
3.The weather has turned cold.
4.The speech is exciting.
5.Three times seven is twenty one.
6.His job is to teach English.
7.His hobby（爱好）is playing football.
8.The machine must be under repairs.
9.The truth is that he has never been abroad.
1.They planed many trees yesterday.
2.(How many dictionaries do you have?) I have five.
3.They helped the old with their housework yesterday.
4.I wanted to buy a car.
5.I enjoy listening to popular music.
6.I think（that）he is fit for his office.
1.His father named him Dongming.
2.They painted their boat white.
3.Let the fresh air in.
4.You mustn?t force him to le nd his money to you.
5.We saw her entering the room.
6.We found everything in the lab in good order.
7.We will soon make our city what your city is now.
8.I want your homework done on time.
He was elected monitor.
She was found singing in the next room.
He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson.
People there are very friendly. (那儿的人们)
He didn?t like the man downstairs. （楼下的那个
The next man is a scientist.
The man next to me is a scientist.
The boy under the tree is Tom.（树下的那个男孩）The tallest boy in our class is John.（我们班最高的
I have something to say. (直译：我有要说的话)
The boy crying over there is my classmate.（在那边
The house built last year is impressive.（去年建的
1.The letter on the desk is for Mr. Wu.
2.The woman with a baby in her arms is his mother.
3.We need a place twice larger than this one.
4.She carried a basket full of eggs.
5.It?s a book worth no more than one dollar.
6.It?s a city far from the coast.
7.He has money enough to buy a car.
8.The man downstairs was trying to sleep.
9.There are lots of places of interest needing repairing
in our city.
10.Tigers belonging to meat-eating animals feed on
11.A boy calling himself John wanted to see you
12.He picked up a wallet lying on the ground on the
way back home
13.There are many clothes to be washed.
14.Most of the singers invited to the party were from
15.Then the great day came when he was to march past
the palace in the team.
He writes carefully. He walks slowly.
(写地认真，走地慢，修饰动词用副词，作状语) This material is environmentally friendly.
He runs very slowly.
（修饰副词slowly, 因此very是副词，做状语）Unfortunately, he lost all of his money.
如：He worked hard at his lessons last year.
I found a lost pen outside our school yesterday morning.
2.频度副词often, always, usually, sometimes, never
位于情态动词、系动词、助动词之后, 实义动词之前。You can never tell what he will do.
He is often late.
He is always helping others.
He often came late.
1.How about meeting again at six?
2.Mr. Smith lives on the third floor.
http://m.doczj.com/doc/6b480ed4b0717fd5370cdc2e.htmlst night she didn?t go to the dance party because
of the rain.
4.She put the eggs into the basket with great care.
5.She came in with a dictionary in her hand.
6.In order to catch up with the others, I must work
7.To make his dream come true, Tom becomes very
interested in business.
8.The boy needs a pen very much.
9.The boy really needs a pen.
10.He was so tired that he fell asleep immediately.
11.She works very hard though she is old.
12.I am taller than he is.
13.I shall go there if it doesn?t rain.
14.On Sundays, there is no student in the
15.Having to finish his homework, the boy needs a
We students should study hard. / (students是we的同位语，都是指同一批…学生?）
We all are students. / (all是we的同位语，都指同样的…我们?）
It?s good to us students.
1.The young man, ___ ,works in the office.
A. me brother
B. my brother
C. my brothers
2.Our English teacher, ___ , often helps us with study.
A. Mrs. Wang
B. Mrs. Wangs
C. Mrs. Wang's .
D. of him
3.___, some railway workers, are busy repairing the
①She looks beautiful. (looks变为is之后，她是美丽
Look at the picture.(look不能换为be, look为实义
②He felt the book with his right hand.(feel是“摸”的
The silk feels soft.(这种丝绸摸起来很柔软，feels
1.The door stays open at night.
2.He tasted the food, and the food tasted delicious.
3.The book still lies open on the desk.
4.What he said proved true..
5.He can?t proved his theory(理论).
He is a teacher. 他是一名教师。
有keep, remain, stay, lie, stand, 例如：
He kept silent at the meeting. 他开会时保持沉默。
This matter remains a mystery. 此事仍是一个谜。
The food stays fresh in the fridge.
The house stood empty for years.房子空了数年。
He lies awake in bed.他躺在床上，醒着。
appear, look, 例如：
Something seems wrong. 好像出差了。
He appears young. 他看起来很年轻。
闻起来, sound听起来, taste尝起来：
This kind of cloth feels very soft.
This flower smells very sweet.
要有become, grow, turn, fall, get, go, come, run.
He became mad after that. 自那之后，他疯了。
She grew rich within a short time.
He fell ill yesterday.他昨天病了。
Eggs go bad easily in spring.鸡蛋夏天容易变坏。
His face went red.他的脸变红了。
What he had dreamt of came true.
Still waters run deep.静水流深。
表示主语已终止动作，主要有prove, turn out, 表
The rumor proved false. 这谣言证实有假。
His plan turned out a success.
What he predicted turned out (to be) wrong.
1.His advice proved right.
2.The shop stays open till 8 o?clock.
3.The machine went wrong.
4.All these efforts seem in vain.
5.These words sound reasonable.
6.The room soon became crowded.
7.The days are getting longer and longer.
8.He fell ill yesterday.
9.Trees turn green in spring.
10.What you said sounds great.
III.系动词不能单独作谓语，要和表语一起作谓语He is a student. (ＳＶＰ)
Your idea sounds great. (ＳＶＰ)
①Our school very beautiful and we like it very much.
②Your book on the desk.
Our school is very beautiful and we like it very much.(句中没有谓语动词)
Your book is on the desk.（句中没有谓语动词）
此结构是由“主语+及物动词（词组）+宾语”构成。宾语可以是名词、代词、数词，动名词、动词不定式或词组、the +形容词、分词以及从句等。如，She likes English.
We planted a lot of trees on the farm yesterday.
1.People all over the world speak English.
2.Jim cannot dress himself.
3.All of us believe that Jack is an honest boy.
4.He did not know what to say.
5.He just wanted to stay at home.
6.He practices speaking English every day.
一般的顺序为：动词+ 间接宾语+ 直接宾语。如：He gave me a cup of tea. (ＳＶｏＯ)
动词+ 直接宾语+介词+ 间接宾语。如：
Show this house to Mr. Smith.
若直接宾语为人称代词：动词+ 代词直接宾语+介词+ 间接宾语。
如：Bring it to me, please. (不能说Bring me it, please。)
（需借助to的）allow, bring, deny, give, grant, hand, leave, lend, offer, owe, pass, pay, permit, promise, read, refuse, sell, send, show, teach, tell，wish, write等
（需借助for 的）buy, choose, fetch, get, make, order, paint, play(演奏)，save, sing, spare等
『一般用to多些，用for的记住常用的三个就行：get, buy, make』
He sent me an English-Chinese Dictionary.
= He sent an English-Chinese Dictionary to me.
She bought John a book．= She bought a book for John.
1. She ordered herself a new dress.
2. She cooked her husband a delicious meal.
3. He brought you a dictionary.
4. He denies her nothing.
5. I showed him my pictures.
6. I gave my car a wash.
7. I told him that the bus was late.
8. He showed me how to run the machine.
The war made him a soldier.（ＳＶＯＣ他成为一个士兵，构成逻辑上的主谓关系）
New methods make the job easy. （ＳＶＯＣ）
I often find him at work. （ＳＶＯＣ）
The teacher asked the students to close the windows.
I saw a cat running across the road.
1. They appointed him manager. （）
2. They painted the door green. （）
3. He pushed the door open. （）
4. They found the house deserted. （）
5. What makes him think so? （）
6. We saw him out. （）
7. He asked me to come back soon. （）
8. I saw them getting on the bus. （）
9. We all think it a pity that she didn?t come here.
10. I?ll have my bike repaired. （）
11. We elected him monitor. （）
12. Don?t keep the lights burning. （）
考点6.there be 句型
此句型是由there + be + 主语+ 状语构成，用以表达某地存在有，它其实是倒装的一种情况，主语位于谓语动词be 之后，there 仅为引导词，并无实际意义。
现在时there is / are …
过去时there was / were…
将来时there will be…/ there is / are going to be... 完成时there has / have been…
可能有there might be...
肯定有there must be …/ there must have been...
过去曾经有there used to be …
似乎有the re seems / seem / seemed to be …
碰巧有there happen / happens / happened to be …
2.可用live, stand, come, go, lie, remain, exist,
Eg. There lived an old man at the foot of the mountain.
There came a shout for "help".
There exists no air on the moon.
There lies a book on the desk.
There stands a tree on the hill.
1. a certain doubt among the students as to
the necessity of the work.
A. It existed
B. There existed
C. They had
D. There had
2.___ a beautiful palace ___ the foot of the hill.
A. There stand; at
B. There stands; under
C. Stands there; under
D. There stands; at
3.there be 与have 的区别
there be … 某地有某物，某时有某事；
1.There has a book on the desk.
2.There will have a meeting this evening.
答案：1.把has改为is; 2. 把have改为be。
e.g. He often reads English in the morning.
Tom and Mike are American boys.
She likes drawing and often draws pictures for the wall newspapers.
由并列连词（and, but, or等）或分号（；）把两个或两个以上的简单句连在一起构成。要注意哟,逗号是不可以连接句子的，这一点和汉语不同。
e.g. You help him and he helps you.
The future is bright; the road is tortuous.
①表示连接两个同等概念，常用and, not only…but
also…, neither…nor…, then等连接。
The teacher?s name is Smith, and the student?s name is John.
He not only stole my money, but he also took my watch away.
Hurry up, or you?ll miss the train.
③表示转折，常用的连词有but, still, however, yet,
He was a little man with thick glasses, but he had a strange way of making his classes lively and interesting.
④表示因果关系，常用的连词有so, for, therefore等。
August is the time of the year for rice harvest, so every day I work from dawn until dark.
1.It is wrong. （只有一个主谓结构，是简单句）
What he said is wrong.
（what he said,是一个主谓结构，he为主语，said 为谓语，what是宾语。What he said is wrong. 是另外一个主谓结构。What he said作主语，is wrong 系表结构作谓语。因此，本句是复合句。What he said是名词性从句作主语）。
2.The boy over there is my brother. （只有一个主谓
The boy who is wearing a hat is my brother.
（The boy is my brother.是一个主谓结构who is wearing a hat也是一个主谓结构，作了前一个主谓结构中主语the boy的定语。因此本句是复合句。）
3.I was doing my homework at six. （只有一个主谓
I was doing my homework when he came in.
（I was doing my homework是一个主谓结构，he came in也是一个主谓结构。后面一个主谓结构作前一个的时间状语。因此是复合句。
练习7.判断下列句子是简单句、并列句还是复合句：1.We often study Chinese history on Friday
2.The boy who offered me his seat is called Tom.
3.There is a chair in this room, isn?t there?
4.My brother and I go to school at half past seven in
the morning and come back home at seven in the evening.
5.He is in Class One and I am in Class Two.
6.He was fond of drawing when he was yet a child.
7.Neither has he changed his mind, nor will he do so.
8.What he said at the mee ting is very important, isn?t
9.The farmer is showing the boy how to plant a tree.
10.Both Tom and Jack enjoy country music.
11.Right now it is the summer vacation and I'm
helping my Dad on the farm.
12.It is the time of year for the rice harvest, so every
day I work from dawn until dark.
13.Sometimes we go on working after dark by the
lights of our tractors.
14.We grow rice in the south of the States, but in the
north where it is colder they grow wheat
15.Although the farm is large, my Dad has only two
men working for him.
1. 用and, so, but,等并列连词来构成并列句；
I like English, my English is very good.×
I like English and my English is very good.√（并列句）As I like English, my English is very good. √（含有原因状语从句的复合句）
I like English; my English is good. √（用分号）
I liking English, my English is very good. √ (把一个分句改为独立主格结构)
I have a house, its windows are very big. ×
I have a house and its windows are very big. √（并列句）
I have a house, whose windows are very big. √（含有定语从句的复合句）
I have a house; its windows are big. √（用分号）
I have a house, its windows very big. √ (后面为独立主格结构)
1.Five people won the "China's green figure” award, a
title __ to ordinary people for their contributions to environmental protection.
A. is given
B. was given
C. being given
2.All the preparations for the task_____, and we're
ready to start.
C. had been completed
D. have been completed
3.【2006辽宁】I was told that there were about 50
foreign students _____Chinese in the school, most _____were from Germany.
A. study; of whom
B. study; of them
C. studying; of them
D. studying; of whom
4.Everywhere you can see people in their holiday dress,
____ with smiles.
A. their faces are shining
B. whose faces shining
C. their faces shining
5.Many students _____ around, I explained the story
C. to stand
D. were standing
6.I have five friends, some of ____ are businessmen.
7.I have five friends, but none of___ are businessmen.
①Do exercise everyday is good for your health.
②That what he said isn?t true.
③He came late made his teacher angry.
④On the desk is two books.
⑤Go to a key college is my dream.
①There is nothing to do today.
②The smiling boy needs the pen bought by his mother.
③There are five boys left.
④Our monitor is always the first to enter the classroom.
⑤His rapid progress in English made us surprised.
⑥The shop closest to my house is about one kilometer away.
⑦He is not a man easy to deal with.
⑧A typhoon swept across the area with heavy rains and winds as strong as 113 miles per hour.
⑨Students brave enough to take this adventure course will certainly learn a lot of useful skills.
⑩There is only one program worth watching today.
①I will bring you the book when I come next time.
②He asked the ruler why only the four rich men blew trumpets.
③My grandfather bought me a pair of sports shoes.
④She showed us many of her pictures.
⑤Mr. Li is going to teach us history next term.
①She found it difficult to do the work.
②They made him monitor of the class.
③They pushed the door open.
④Then suddenly I saw a man lying on the ground.
⑤The old man asked us to sit down.
⑥He noticed a man enter the room.
⑦By speaking slowly, he made himself understood.
⑧We want these trees planted soon.
⑨I?ll get my hair cut tomorrow.
⑩I left the bag lying on the ground.
①The chairman thought it necessary to invite Professor Smith to speak at the meeting.
②She made it her duty to look after all the other people?s affairs in that town.
③I don't think it possible to master a foreign language without much memory work．
④He made it known to his friends th at he didn?t want to enter politics.
⑤I leave it to your own judgment whether you should do it.
1.在我看来，早睡早起对我们的健康有好处。（in my opinion, get up early, go to bed early, do a lot of good to, our
2.被一所重点大学录取是我的梦想。（be admitted by a key college, my dream）
3.他这次考试不及格使他不高兴。（fail the exam, make, upset）
4.在那两座高楼之间，矗立着我们教学楼。（between the two tall buildings, stand, teaching building）
5.我们现在正在学的知识对我们将来的生活和工作都很有帮助。（what we are learning now, be of great help to,
our life and work, in the future）
1.你认识Tom旁边的那个人吗？（know, next to）
2.尽早把他送到距你家最近的医院。（send…to, nearest to, as soon as possible）
3.我们有一个能容下3000学生用餐的餐厅。（dining hall, large enough, hold）
写作专练3.正确安排并列状语的顺序（参看P3 1 ）
1.那时他正在教室内认真地写作业。（do his homework, in the classroom, carefully, at the moment）
2.我们上周日在我们校园内载了很多树。（plant lots of trees, in the schoolyard）
3.他昨天在演讲比赛中表现得异常优秀。（perform incredibly well, speech contest）
写作专练4.注意频度副词的位置（参看P3 2 ）
1.我永远不会忘记他那天对我讲的话。（will, forget, what he told me, never）
2.我经常去那家超市。（frequently, the supermarket）
3.他总是帮助别人。（help others, always）
4.我们什么时候都不能那样对待老人。（treat an old man like that）
5.活到老，学到老。（never, too old to learn）
写作专练5.不要忘了使用系动词（参看P5 IV ）
1.那食物很可口，我吃了很多。（the food, delicious）
2.那个电影好极了。（the movie, fantastic）
3.不过呢，一些人反对这个计划。（however, against, the plan）
4.他们的意见如下。（their opinion, as follows）
5.就我而言，我赞成这个主意。（as far as I?m concerned, in favor of）
1.他给我提供一些建议。（offer, some advice）
3.在我生日那天，母亲给我买了一件很特别的礼物。（buy, a special gift）
4.他给我做了一个纸飞机。（make, paper plane）
5.他给我们读了一个有趣的故事。（read, an interesting story）
6.他的叔叔留给他很多钱。（leave, a lot of money）
8.请把熊猫的照片寄给我一张。（send, a photo of the panda）