Report:《语言学练习题》Unit 1

《语言学练习题》Unit 1

■ Exercises

Task 1: Reference Search

Find in the library or online some information about the following themes:

a. Esperanto

Report:《语言学练习题》Unit 1

Report:《语言学练习题》Unit 1

Report:《语言学练习题》Unit 1

understanding between people with different regional and/or national languages.

Report:《语言学练习题》Unit 1

learned Esperanto from their parents as one of their native languages. Esperanto is spoken in about 115 countries. Usage is particularly

Report:《语言学练习题》Unit 1

1905. Since then congresses have been held in various countries every year with the exception of years in which there were world wars.

Report:《语言学练习题》Unit 1

Report:《语言学练习题》Unit 1

language that adhered to the "Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching and Assessment

Report:《语言学练习题》Unit 1

that learning Esperanto may provide a superior foundation for learning languages in general, and some primary schools teach it as preparation for learning other foreign languages

Goals of the movement

Zamenhof's intention was to create an easy-to-learn language to foster international understanding. It was to serve as an international auxiliary language, that is, as a universal second language, not to replace ethnic languages. This goal was widely shared among Esperanto speakers in the early decades of the movement. Later, Esperanto speakers began to see the language and the culture that had grown up around it as ends in themselves, even if Esperanto is never adopted by the United Nations or other international organizations.

Report:《语言学练习题》Unit 1

from fina venko, meaning "final victory", or pracelistoj, from pracelo, meaning "original goal".Those who focus on the intrinsic value of

Report:《语言学练习题》Unit 1

and the value of Esperanto culture was made at the International Youth Congress in 1980. These categories are, however, not mutually exclusive.

Report:《语言学练习题》Unit 1

Esperanto Association

b. phatic communion

Small talk is an informal type of discourse that does not cover any functional topics of conversation or any transactions that need to be addressed. Small talk is conversation for its own sake, or "…comments on what is perfectly obvious." The phenomenon of small talk was initially studied in 1923 by Bronisław Malinowski, who coined the term "phatic communication" to describe it. The ability to conduct small talk is a social skill, hence small talk is some type of social communication. Early publications assume networked work positions as suitable for social communication.

In spite of seeming to have little useful purpose, small talk is a bonding ritual and a strategy for managing interpersonal distance. It serves many functions in helping to define the relationships between friends, work colleagues, and new acquaintances. In particular, it helps new

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