新世纪大学英语综合教程第四册新理念单元测试答案U1-F

新世纪(第二版)综合B4U1-F

(试卷总分:100分)

Part I Listening Comprehension ( 7 minutes )

Directions: In this section, you will hear several conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be

a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and

decide which is the best answer.

?

1. A) Eight dollars.该选项共2人选择

B) Sixteen dollars.该选项共2人选择

C) Fifteen dollars.该选项共0人选择

D) Thirty-two dollars.该选项共2人选择

新世纪大学英语综合教程第四册新理念单元测试答案U1-F

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?

?Script: W: These are very nice skirts. How much are they?

M: Eight dollars each.

Q: How much should the woman pay if she buys four skirts?

?该题共6人答题,答对2人,答错4人,正确率为33.3%,错误率为66.7%

?正确答案(2.00分):D

?

2. A) John will surely help others if he has time.该选项共0人选择

B) John never offers to help others because he is busy.该选项共1人选择

C) John is always busy because he likes to help others.该选项共0人选择

D) John always offers to help, but he seems busy all the time.该选项共5人选择

新世纪大学英语综合教程第四册新理念单元测试答案U1-F

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?

?Script: W: John said he would give me a hand if he has time.

M: He always offers to help, but he never seems to have time.

Q: What does the man say about John?

?该题共6人答题,答对5人,答错1人,正确率为83.3%,错误率为16.7%

?正确答案(2.00分):D

?

3. A) She prefers going to the dentist later in the day.该选项共0人选择

B) The man might be late for the appointment.该选项共1人选择

C) The man might have no time for his first class.该选项共4人选择

D) She will get up early to visit her dentist.该选项共1人选择

新世纪大学英语综合教程第四册新理念单元测试答案U1-F

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?

?Script: M: I have to visit my dentist at 7:30 tomorrow morning.

W: Then you will miss the literature class.

Q: What does the woman imply?

?该题共6人答题,答对4人,答错2人,正确率为66.7%,错误率为33.3%

?正确答案(2.00分):C

?

4. A) Go to the library.该选项共0人选择

B) Get some exercise.该选项共0人选择

C) Go to see a film.该选项共5人选择

D) Do homework in school.该选项共1人选择

新世纪大学英语综合教程第四册新理念单元测试答案U1-F

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?Script: M: I'd like really to go to the cinema with all of you during the weekend, but I'm too much left behind in schoolwork.

W: Movies always relax me. It might be worth it in the long run.

Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?

?该题共6人答题,答对5人,答错1人,正确率为83.3%,错误率为16.7%

?正确答案(2.00分):C

?

5. A) It's made from an old recipe.该选项共1人选择

B) It's in the refrigerator.该选项共1人选择

C) It has a variety of ingredients.该选项共4人选择

D) It needs to be heated up.该选项共0人选择

新世纪大学英语综合教程第四册新理念单元测试答案U1-F

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?

?Script: M: What did you use to make that soup?

W: I put everything in the refrigerator into it.

Q: What does the woman say about the soup?

?该题共6人答题,答对4人,答错2人,正确率为66.7%,错误率为33.3%

?正确答案(2.00分):C

?

6. A) He is cooking in the kitchen.该选项共0人选择

B) He is looking at something that the woman showed him.该选项共0人选择

C) He is getting into the kitchen.该选项共0人选择

D) He is reading.该选项共6人选择

新世纪大学英语综合教程第四册新理念单元测试答案U1-F

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?

?Script: W:Tom! Do you think you could come into the kitchen for a second?

M:What? Just let me finish this book and I'll be right there.

Q:What is the man doing?

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(2.00分):D

?

7. A) Booking a flight to Germany.该选项共0人选择

B) Paying for private lessons.该选项共3人选择

C) Giving German exams to students.该选项共0人选择

D) Studying continually for three days.该选项共3人选择

新世纪大学英语综合教程第四册新理念单元测试答案U1-F

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?Script: W: You seem well prepared for this German final exam. I'm impressed.

M: I'd better be prepared. I spent the last 72 hours cramming for it.

Q: What has the man been doing?

?该题共6人答题,答对3人,答错3人,正确率为50%,错误率为50%

?正确答案(2.00分):D

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8. A) The team has to travel far for the next game.该选项共0人选择

B) The new coach has been very effective.该选项共3人选择

C) The new coach doesn't know the team very well.该选项共2人选择

D) The team shouldn't enrol any more members.该选项共1人选择

新世纪大学英语综合教程第四册新理念单元测试答案U1-F

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?

?Script: M: Our basketball team won every game so far!

W: Isn't that because of the new coach?

Q: What does the woman imply?

?该题共6人答题,答对3人,答错3人,正确率为50%,错误率为50%

?正确答案(2.00分):B

?

9. A) Run in town.该选项共1人选择

B) Look more carefully.该选项共0人选择

C) Buy shoes from a catalog.该选项共5人选择

D) Find an easier place to exercise.该选项共0人选择

新世纪大学英语综合教程第四册新理念单元测试答案U1-F

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?

?Script: M: I can't find the kind of jogging shoes I want anywhere in town.

W: Why not order them from a catalog? It's easier than running round the town looking for them.

Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?

?该题共6人答题,答对5人,答错1人,正确率为83.3%,错误率为16.7%

?正确答案(2.00分):C

?

10. A) Who are going to attend the meeting.该选项共0人选择

B) What's to be discussed at the meeting.该选项共5人选择

C) Where the meeting is to be held.该选项共1人选择

D) When the meeting is to be held.该选项共0人选择

新世纪大学英语综合教程第四册新理念单元测试答案U1-F

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?

?Script: W: Did you get my message about the meeting on Monday?

M: Yes, I did. But I'm still not quite sure what the meeting is about. Not bad news, I hope.

Q: What does the man wish to know most?

?该题共6人答题,答对5人,答错1人,正确率为83.3%,错误率为16.7%

?正确答案(2.00分):B

Part II Reading Comprehension ( 24 minutes )

Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with several blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

?The soaring number of gender-bending chemicals in the environment has disturbing fertility implications for humans and wildlife, scientists are warning. They say wild animals are being "feminized" by a host of common man-made 11 which mimic the female sex hormone oestrogen(雌激素)and escape into seas, rivers, the earth and air when waste is 12 of. The chemicals —found in food packaging, cleaning products, plastics, sewage and paint — cause genital deformities, reduce sperm count and even turn 13 into females. Dozens of species —including polar bears, fish, whales and otters —are suffering, according to the environmental group ChemTrust. Fish have been 14 hit by man-made gender-bending chemicals. In one study, half the male fish in British lowland rivers had signs of being 15 . But all vertebrates — or creatures with backbones — have 16 sex hormone receptors in their bodies.

"Therefore, observations in one species may serve to 17 pollution issues of concern for other vertebrates, including humans," the report says. Its author, Gywnne Lyons, a former government adviser on chemical-pollution, said: "Some 18 actions are needed to control gender-bending chemicals and more resources are needed for monitoring wildlife."

"If wildlife populations crash, it will be too late. Unless enough males contribute to the next generation there is a real 19 to animal populations in the long term." Some studies have shown that sperm counts in the West have fallen over the past 30 years. Others have shown a rise in boys born with genital deformities. Communities heavily polluted with hormone-disrupting chemicals in Russia, Canada and Italy have 20 twice as many girls as boys.

新世纪大学英语综合教程第四册新理念单元测试答案U1-F

新世纪大学英语综合教程第四册新理念单元测试答案U1-F

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11. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0% ?正确答案(1分):G

?

12. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0% ?正确答案(1分):D

?

13. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0% ?正确答案(1分):I

?

14. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0% ?正确答案(1分):K

?

15. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0% ?正确答案(1分):E

?

16. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0% ?正确答案(1分):M

?

17. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0% ?正确答案(1分):N

?

18. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0% ?正确答案(1分):B

?

19. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0% ?正确答案(1分):A

?

20. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(1分):H

Section B

Directions: There are several passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B),

C) and D). You should decide on the best choice.

?Passage One

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

Ask children about their favorite animal and it is highly likely that at least one will respond enthusiastically with the name of a dinosaur. Despite the fact that they were extinct long before humans set foot on the Earth, these huge reptiles have captured our imaginations.

Many children collect models of the most various species and they are experts on their preferred habitat and favorite food. One of the most popular exhibits in London's Natural History Museum is the enormous Tyrannosaurus Rex, which never seems to lose its appeal, shrugging off stiff competition from hi-tech cyber versions.

Archaeologists (考古学家) continue to amaze us with their remarkable discoveries — the latest being a 66-million-year old fossil of a dinosaur heart. Such findings enable them to shed further light on these fascinating creatures.

The word "dinosaur" also has another definition: it can be used as an adjective to describe something unwieldy and outdated. It may not be too long before some of the animals we currently take for granted join the dinosaurs in extinction and our inheritors will be visiting museums rather than zoos in order to learn about them.

Eminent scientists are warning governments around the world that the current rate of extinction is 1,000 to 10,000 times above normal and that a quarter or more species are reaching the brink of disappearance.

Giant pandas are amongst those under threat. Their rapidly decreasing number is partly due to the shrinking of their natural habitat and the difficulty of breeding them in captivity.

The world's largest living land mammal, the elephant, is another favorite which could become a rarity in years to come. Fortunately, a ban on ivory has been enforced over the past decade and astute former hunters recognize that there are profits to be gained from the eco-tourist trade. Nowadays, visitors to national parks prefer to see the tusks on a living creature as opposed to a souvenir trinket (小装饰品) on their shelves back home.

However, debates continue as to the effects of such tourism on wildlife. Our planet comprises a rich web of life. No organism can survive without affecting its environment; our lives are inextricably entwined (缠住) so that the quality of our respective lives depends on the behavior of those around us. Every so often we should stop and think of the consequences of our actions, however small they may seem at the time.

Are we humans really the super intelligent beings we proclaim ourselves to be?

21. Which of the following statements is true?

A) People lost their interest in dinosaurs because they were extinct long before humans appeared on

the Earth.该选项共0人选择

B) The non-stop archaeological discoveries enable us to get further information about dinosaurs.该选

项共6人选择

C) Our inheritors will be visiting the already extinct animals alive in the future zoo.该选项共0人选择

D) Children love to collect models of the various extinct species instead of the existing ones.该选项共

0人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(2分):B

22. Which of the following titles best describes the content of the passage?

A) Endangered Animals该选项共6人选择

B) The Two Definitions of Dinosaurs该选项共0人选择

C) How to Clone the Extinct Animals该选项共0人选择

D) Scientific Research on Dinosaurs该选项共0人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(2分):A

23. According to the passage, "shrug off" means ____.

A) maximize该选项共0人选择

B) raise该选项共0人选择

C) continue该选项共0人选择

D) minimize该选项共6人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(2分):D

24. Scientists are warning governments around the world that ____.

A) the number of Giant pandas is decreasing due to the shrinking of their natural habitat该选项共0

人选择

B) the current rate of extinction is more than million times above normal该选项共0人选择

C) one fourth or more species are facing the danger of extinction该选项共6人选择

D) B and C该选项共0人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(2分):C

25. The former elephant hunters now find that they can earn big money from ____.

A) keeping elephant domestically该选项共0人选择

B) selling ivory该选项共0人选择

C) ecology-associated tourism该选项共6人选择

D) making souvenir trinket该选项共0人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(2分):C

?

Passage Two

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

Beauty in nature has long been a common theme in life and in art, and books emphasizing beauty in nature fill large sections of libraries and bookstores. That nature has been depicted and celebrated by so much art, photography, poetry and other literature shows the strength with which many people associate nature and beauty. Why this association exists, and what the association consists of, are studied by the branch of philosophy called aesthetics. Beyond certain basic characteristics that many philosophers agree about to explain what is seen as beautiful, the opinions are virtually endless.

Looked at through the lens of the visual arts, nature and wildness have been important subjects in various epochs of world history. An early tradition of landscape art began in China during the Tang Dynasty. The tradition of representing nature as it is became one of the aims of Chinese painting and was

a significant influence in Asian art. Artists learned to depict mountains and rivers "from the perspective of

nature as a whole and on the basis of their understanding of the laws of nature ... as if seen through the eyes of a bird." In the 13th century, the Song Dynasty artist Shi Erji listed "scenes lacking any places made inaccessible by nature," as one of the 12 things to avoid in painting.

In the Western world the idea of wilderness having intrinsic value emerged in the 1800s, especially in the works of the Romantic movement. British artists John Constable and J.M.W. Turner turned their attention to capturing the beauty of the natural world in their paintings. Before that, paintings had been primarily of religious scenes or of human beings. William Wordsworth's poetry described the wonder of the natural world, which had formerly been viewed as a threatening place. Increasingly the valuing of nature became an aspect of Western culture.

Many scientists, who study nature in more specific and organized ways, also share the conviction that nature is beautiful; the French mathematician, Jules Henri Poincaré said: "The scientist does not study nature because it is useful; he studies it because he delights in it, and he delights in it because it is beautiful. If nature were not beautiful, it would not be worth knowing, and if nature were not worth knowing, life would not be worth living. Of course I do not here speak of that beauty which strikes the senses, the beauty of qualities and of appearance; not that I undervalue such beauty, far from it, but it has nothing to do with science; I mean that profounder beauty which comes from the harmonious order of the parts and which a pure intelligence can grasp."

26. What is the main point of the underlined sentence in Para.1?

A) Nature has been represented by many arts including photography and poetry.该选项共0人选择

B) Many literatures show the strength that many people use to associate nature with beauty.该选项共

1人选择

C) Beauty and nature are so closely linked that they find their way in books and arts.该选项共4人选

D) Nature and beauty have long been associated with strong artistic depiction.该选项共1人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对4人,答错2人,正确率为66.7%,错误率为33.3%

?正确答案(2分):C

27. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the first paragraph?

A) Many philosophers have the same feeling about what is seen as beautiful.该选项共0人选择

B) People will never stop arguing about what is beautiful and what is not beautiful.该选项共2人选择

C) Beauty in nature fills large sections of libraries and bookstores.该选项共2人选择

D) A branch of philosophy called aesthetics studies the association between people and nature.该选项

共2人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对2人,答错4人,正确率为33.3%,错误率为66.7%

?正确答案(2分):B

28. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?

A) China is the earliest culture to develop the tradition of landscape art.该选项共1人选择

B) Chinese painting has a significant influence on Asian art.该选项共1人选择

C) Artists learned to represent mountains and rivers in a picture from the perspective of nature as a

whole.该选项共0人选择

D) Nature and wildness remain important themes for visual arts in various historical stages.该选项共4

人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对4人,答错2人,正确率为66.7%,错误率为33.3%

?正确答案(2分):D

29. What can we know about William Wordsworth?

A) William Wordsworth's poetry had formerly been viewed as a dangerous thing.该选项共0人选择

B) People wandering the natural world in William Wordsworth's poetry think it is a threatening place.

该选项共1人选择

C) Because of some religious reasons, people thought the natural world in William Wordsworth's

poetry is a threatening place.该选项共1人选择

D) The natural world in William Wordsworth's poetry is very wonderful.该选项共4人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对4人,答错2人,正确率为66.7%,错误率为33.3%

?正确答案(2分):D

30. Why do many scientists study nature?

A) Nature is beautiful.该选项共4人选择

B) Nature is worth studying.该选项共0人选择

C) Scientists can grasp the harmonious order of the parts of nature.该选项共1人选择

D) Scientists delight in studying nature because it is useful.该选项共1人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对4人,答错2人,正确率为66.7%,错误率为33.3%

?正确答案(2分):A

Part III Vocabulary and Structure ( 10 minutes )

Directions: There are a number of incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence.

?

31. A) outflow该选项共0人选择

B) output该选项共4人选择

C) burden该选项共1人选择

D) productive该选项共1人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对4人,答错2人,正确率为66.7%,错误率为33.3%

?正确答案(1分):B

?

32. I imagine that you may deduce an ____ moral from my tale.

A) liable该选项共0人选择

B) likely该选项共1人选择

C) prone该选项共0人选择

D) apt该选项共5人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对5人,答错1人,正确率为83.3%,错误率为16.7%

?正确答案(1分):D

?

33. He began to have blinding headaches and to ____ exhaustion.

A) show signs of该选项共6人选择

B) show around该选项共0人选择

C) show off该选项共0人选择

D) for show该选项共0人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(1分):A

?

34. In order to catch up with and surpass the advanced world levels we'll have to ____ our speed.

A) urge该选项共0人选择

B) accelerate该选项共6人选择

C) haste该选项共0人选择

D) hurry up该选项共0人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(1分):B

?

35. Their age and experience ____ old people to the respect of young people.

A) title该选项共0人选择

B) engage该选项共0人选择

C) entitle该选项共6人选择

D) entitled to该选项共0人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(1分):C

?

36. You should ____ go swimming right after eating.

A) know better than to该选项共4人选择

B) know better as to该选项共2人选择

C) know better than该选项共0人选择

D) know better as该选项共0人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对4人,答错2人,正确率为66.7%,错误率为33.3% ?正确答案(1分):A

?

37. He lay ____ sat in the armchair after drinking a lot of wine.

A) rather than该选项共6人选择

B) less than该选项共0人选择

C) other than该选项共0人选择

D) more than该选项共0人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(1分):A

?

38. Freedom has always been the life force of Western ____.

A) nurture该选项共0人选择

B) cultivation该选项共0人选择

C) civilization该选项共6人选择

D) program该选项共0人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(1分):C

?

39. Some of the new ____ dress materials do not crush.

A) analytic该选项共0人选择

B) sysytematic该选项共0人选择

C) sympathetic该选项共1人选择

D) synthetic该选项共5人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对5人,答错1人,正确率为83.3%,错误率为16.7% ?正确答案(1分):D

?

40. He launched a new business ____ when he was 30 years old.

A) endurance该选项共0人选择

B) envelope该选项共1人选择

C) enterprise该选项共5人选择

D) entertain该选项共0人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对5人,答错1人,正确率为83.3%,错误率为16.7% ?正确答案(1分):C

?

41. Life appears to be the most complex phenomenon in the ____.

A) earth该选项共2人选择

B) universe该选项共4人选择

C) sphere该选项共0人选择

D) surrounding该选项共0人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对4人,答错2人,正确率为66.7%,错误率为33.3% ?正确答案(1分):B

?

42. But then, just as this almost flawless operation was nearing completion, ____ struck.

A) incident该选项共1人选择

B) trifle该选项共1人选择

C) event该选项共0人选择

D) disaster该选项共4人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对4人,答错2人,正确率为66.7%,错误率为33.3%

?正确答案(1分):D

?

43. One single slip brings ____ regret, and looking back, your whole life has passed away.

A) temporary该选项共1人选择

B) instant该选项共1人选择

C) spontanious该选项共1人选择

D) eternal该选项共3人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对3人,答错3人,正确率为50%,错误率为50%

?正确答案(1分):D

?

44. That mad man had to ____ a chair, for he had hurt several persons.

A) tie to该选项共0人选择

B) connect to该选项共1人选择

C) be related to该选项共0人选择

D) be tied to该选项共5人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对5人,答错1人,正确率为83.3%,错误率为16.7%

?正确答案(1分):D

?

45. As adults, we do not have the same exposure to the language, even if we ____ a foreign country.

A) live该选项共0人选择

B) stay该选项共0人选择

C) reside in该选项共5人选择

D) live on该选项共1人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对5人,答错1人,正确率为83.3%,错误率为16.7%

?正确答案(1分):C

?

46. I will try to ____ this contention in Parts III and IV of this study.

A) justify该选项共6人选择

B) justice该选项共0人选择

C) abuse该选项共0人选择

D) reckon该选项共0人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(1分):A

?

47. ____, the little girl could help her mother with some housework.

A) Young as is she该选项共0人选择

B) Young as she is该选项共4人选择

C) As is she young该选项共1人选择

D) As she is young该选项共1人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对4人,答错2人,正确率为66.7%,错误率为33.3%

?正确答案(1分):B

?

48. A number that must be entered by a user before a remote terminal, or point of sale terminal, can be

used to ______ information or complete a transaction.

A) transform该选项共1人选择

B) transfer该选项共4人选择

C) transfuse该选项共0人选择

D) transport该选项共1人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对4人,答错2人,正确率为66.7%,错误率为33.3%

?正确答案(1分):B

?

49. At the end of the meeting, out of the blue, he asked whether the President had ______ decided on

visiting South Korea.

A) yet该选项共1人选择

B) just yet该选项共0人选择

C) as yet该选项共3人选择

D) not yet该选项共2人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对3人,答错3人,正确率为50%,错误率为50%

?正确答案(1分):C

?

50. Her enormous patience was wearing very thin because of the daily ______ of abuse.

A) circle该选项共0人选择

B) habit该选项共1人选择

C) recycle该选项共1人选择

D) cycle该选项共4人选择

?该题共6人答题,答对4人,答错2人,正确率为66.7%,错误率为33.3%

?正确答案(1分):D

Part IV Error Correction ( 10 minutes )

Directions: In this passage, there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line.

To correct these mistakes, you may need to change, delete or add a word. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word,

put an insertion mark (∧) in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you delete a word, cross it out and put a slash (/) in the blank. Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections in the blanks provided.

?

The word nature is derived of the Latin word natura, 51. __________ or "essential qualities, innate disposition," but literally meaning

"birth." Natura originally related to the extrinsic characteristics 52. __________ that plants, animals, and other features of the world develop of

their own accord. The concept of nature as a whole, the physical

universe, is one of several expansions of the original notion.

Within the various uses of the word today, "nature" may refer 53. __________ the general realm of various types of living plants and animals,

and in some cases to the processes associated to inanimate 54. __________ objects — the way what particular types of things exist and change 55. __________ of their own accord, such as the weather and geology of Earth, 56. __________ and the matter and energy of which all these things are composed.

It is not often taken to mean the "natural environment" or wilderness —57. __________ wild animals, rocks, forest, beaches, and in general those things that

have not been substantial altered by human intervention, or which 58. __________ persist despite human intervention. For example, manufactured objects

and human interaction generally are not considered part of nature,

unless qualified as, for example, "human nature" or "the whole of nature".

This more traditional concept of natural things which can still found 59. __________ today implies a distinction between the natural and the artificial,

with the artificially being understood as that which has been brought 60. __________ into being by a human consciousness or a human mind.

?

51. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对0人,答错6人,正确率为0%,错误率为100%

?正确答案(1.00分):The word nature is derived from the Latin word natura,

?

52. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对0人,答错6人,正确率为0%,错误率为100%

?正确答案(1.00分):"birth." Natura originally related to the intrinsic characteristics

?

53. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对5人,答错1人,正确率为83.3%,错误率为16.7%

?正确答案(1.00分):Within the various uses of the word today, "nature" may refer to

?

54. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对5人,答错1人,正确率为83.3%,错误率为16.7%

?正确答案(1.00分):and in some cases to the processes associated with inanimate

?

55. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对5人,答错1人,正确率为83.3%,错误率为16.7%

?正确答案(1.00分):objects — the way that particular types of things exist and change

?

56. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(1.00分):of their own accord, such as the weather and geology of the Earth,

?

57. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(1.00分):It is often taken to mean the "natural environment" or wilderness —

?

58. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对6人,答错0人,正确率为100%,错误率为0%

?正确答案(1.00分):have not been substantially altered by human intervention, or which

?

59. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对5人,答错1人,正确率为83.3%,错误率为16.7%

?正确答案(1.00分):This more traditional concept of natural things which can still be found

?

60. ______________________

?该题共6人答题,答对4人,答错2人,正确率为66.7%,错误率为33.3%

?正确答案(1.00分):with the artificial being understood as that which has been brought

?

Part V Translation ( 10 minutes )

Directions: Translate the following passage(s) into English (with the given words or phrases).

?

61. 大熊猫体型似熊,身体毛色绝大多数为黑白相间,即两耳、眼圈、鼻吻端、四肢及肩胛部为黑色,其

余为白色。前掌除了5个带爪的趾外,还有一个大拇指,能帮助大熊猫在吃竹子时抓握竹子。在过去,大熊猫就被看作稀有而高贵的动物——西汉文帝之母的陵墓中就用熊猫的头骨作为陪葬。传说唐太宗的孙子曾赐两头活熊猫和熊猫皮给日本以表亲善。

?

正确答案(20分):The Giant Panda has a body shape typical of bears. In its black-and-white coat, it has black fur on its ears, eye patches, muzzle, legs, and shoulders. The rest of the animal's coat is white.

The Giant Panda's paw has five fingers and a thumb, which helps the Giant Panda to hold bamboo while eating. In the past, pandas were thought to be rare and noble creatures — the mother of Emperor Wen of the West Han was buried with a panda skull in her vault. The grandson of Emperor Taizong of the Tang is said to have given Japan two live pandas and a sheet of panda skin as a sign of goodwill.

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